Generally, the first number on the top of the box identifies the gauge of the shells in the box.  Gauge is a measurement of the diameter of the shell case. The term “gauge” is an old one. Birdshot, buckshot, and slugs, 12-gauge to 410 bore and everything in between. Now available in 8 shot, 4 buck and rifled slug loads perfect for fun at the range. An easy-to-use conversion table can be found on the internet. Over time brass became very expensive. , using only the same gauge. This requires knowing the gauge, shot weight and the dram equivalent. The first shotshells were loaded with blackpowder measured in “drams”, and so the number on these boxes is the equivalent in today’s smokeless powder. Obviously, the gauge of your gun minus the gauge of the shell should equal zero. Check your gun barrel or owner’s manual to verify what maximum shell length your gun will accommodate. Rather than a number, however, it’s not unusual to see it listed as “Max.” (maximum) or “Mag.” (magnum), indicating the shells are loaded at or near the upper safety limit. Shotgun ammunition took off with the arrival of breech loading shotguns, which fired both brass and paper shells. It is absolutely critical to load your shotgun with ammunition of the same gauge. The cost for a 25 shell box is $5.47. Use a charge weight large enough to be effective but not so excessive that it makes shooting unnecessarily uncomfortable. When you look at various shotgun shells side-by-side, you notice some differences. Pellet Size—For the most part, all pellets in a given shell are of uniform diameter. While a 10-gauge shell has the capacity to hold more shot and powder than a 12-gauge shell of the same length, it’s not always loaded to do so. Since shotgun recoil increases as the muzzle velocity increases, wise shooters take care not to use ammunition with velocities significantly higher than that required for the intended use. Shotguns today are manufactured in (from largest to smallest): 10, 12, 16, 20 and 28 gauges, plus one termed as .410 bore. Most clay target sports limit the amount of shot the competitor can use. New tools and devices are introduced every other day but all of them are not useful. In certain clay target sports there are restrictions on the maximum muzzle velocity permitted. Commonly, 12-gauge shells contain 1-, 1⅛- or 1¼-ounce loads. Safe shooters carry only ammunition that matches the shotgun they are using. So, all that being said, I try to purchase shells based on specs, not necessarily by brand. Double-check the markings on the gun, the box and on the shell itself to ensure they match. For instance I have a .38 Webey MK IV revolver that shoots a 38 S&W cartridge. If you searching to check on Shotgun Shell Types Bolo And Shotgun Shells How To Read price. But such tasks as shooting claybirds or certain home defense shotgun applications are accomplished with shells that produce more moderate velocities. The standard 20-gauge shell has ⅞ ounce of shot. In 1983, Canadian geochemist, Jerome Nriagu published his theory that the Roman Empire’s demise was caused in large part because of lead poisoning to the ruling class. Winchester Shotgun Ammo Box How to Read a Shotgun Ammo Box Understanding the technical stuff: Dr. Eq. I have loaded easily over 200,000 rounds of ammo for all types of pistols and rifles. While it’s beneficial to strike the target with multiple pellets, keep in mind that with all else equal, the heavier the shot charge, the greater the recoil! Eq.,” which stands for Dram Equivalent. … Gauge—This is the measurement of the diameter of the shell case, which corresponds to the diameter of the inside of the barrel, i.e., the bore. The gauge of the ammunition must match the gauge of the shotgun which can be found on the shotgun barrel. Bird hunters typically use loads ranging from BB for Canada geese to No. Learning the Basics 1. 8 or 9 for doves and woodcock. E-mail your comments/questions about this site to:NRAFamilyInsights@nrahq.orgYou can contact the NRA via phone at: NRA Member Programs1-800-672-3888, To advertise on NRA Family, visit nramediakit.com for more information, Privacy Policy   •   Contact Us   •   Warnings   •   FAQs   •  © 2020 National Rifle Association of America, Women On Target® Instructional Shooting Clinics, Volunteer At The Great American Outdoor Show, Marion P. Hammer Women Of Distinction Award, Women's Wildlife Management / Conservation Scholarship, National Youth Shooting Sports Ambassadors, NRA Outstanding Achievement Youth Award Presented by Brownells, National Youth Shooting Sports Cooperative Program, Our Top 10 Most Stylish Concealed-Carry Purses. 1 and run to No. The standard 20-gauge shell has 7/8 ounce of shot.  Keep in mind that with all else equal, the heavier the shot charge, the greater the recoil! Normally there are five separate numbers, all of them indicating various measures of the shell and its components. For the most part though, ammunition companies list the vital stats in a standard order that soon becomes second nature.Â. The only reusable component of the shotgun shell is the plastic shell itself, which is ejected from the shotgun after firing a round. 12. BEST BUY AND CHEAP PRICES HERE. —Knowing how fast the shot leaves the muzzle is one key to understanding how well it will perform on target. Nriagu t… Don’t assume, because a shell seems to fit, that it is the right size. Some people reload shotgun shells because they enjoy doing it. Brass shells were popular because shooters could reload it many times over. Eq.,” which stands for Dram Equivalent. Perhaps fiddling with the gas system may convince them to run, perhaps not. A variety of options are available for those who reload shotgun shells. The rule of thumb is to use larger pellets for bigger purposes. A shotgun with a 3-inch chamber can accept 2¾ inch shells as well as 3-inch shells, but a 2¾-inch chamber cannot accept 3-inch shells. Occasionally you’ll see a 12-pellet load. Always match the gun and shotshell, using only the same gauge. Clays shooters mostly use No. Buck shot is used for home defense, deer hunting, and personal protection from predatory animals. While less commonly used today, the Dram Equivalent can still give the shooter an idea of the muzzle velocity. With smaller pellets, you also get more pellets in a single load. Alternately, shotshell boxes may contain a velocity indicator: “Dr. If you shoot a lot, then reloading shotgun shells might definitely be worth the cost. 12 (.050 inches). If you were to pick up a case of similar shells at Cabelas, you are looking at around $72.99(see current price here). (Turkey hunting is a notable exception, as state regulations often restrict pellet size to No. Most shotguns are chambered for 2¾-inch or 3-inch shells, with some guns being chambered at 3½ inches. To find the chamber size on your shotgun, see the fine print stamped on the barrel or read the owner’s manual. For birdshot, the larger the number, the smaller the pellet. Monday, June 15, 2020, The numbers printed on the top flap of shotgun shell boxes are a form of shorthand that states the specific purpose for the loads within. #4 will have around 21 to 28 pellets. The picture below shows that these are 20 gauge shells. A shotgun shell is cased in plastic with a brass base containing the primer. Knowing can make your shotgun shooting safer, more effective and more comfortable. Shell Length--Next is the length of the shell, normally measured in inches. If a correctly sized shell is then placed in the shotgun and fired, an extremely dangerous barrel rupture will occur. For the most part, all pellets in a given shell are of uniform diameter. While a hunter may not mind excessive recoil when firing only a few shells on an upland bird hunt, they may find using that same load to shoot 75 shots on a dove hunt a bit uncomfortable. Weight of Shot Charge--Inside each shotshell is a quantity of small, round pellets, collectively known as the shot charge. They should be relatively uniform, rounded and intact plastic casings to reload. The shells are at their best in a break-open shotgun, double barrel or a modern pump-action shotgun. Federal Ammunition started the trend, and it soon became industry standard by 1960. 4 buck shot, or rifled slug: Part No. If you searching for special discount you'll need to searching when special time come or holidays. Gauge is a measurement of the diameter of the shell case. Some shell boxes may show the velocity as “Max.” (maximum) or “MAG.” (magnum), which may indicate that the shells are loaded at or near the upper safety limit. Shell Length-- Next is the length of the shell, normally measured in inches. Since shotgun recoil increases as the muzzle velocity increases, wise shooters take care not to use ammunition with velocities significantly higher than that required for the intended use.4. 1 and run to No. Starting at the brass, the layers of a shotgun shell are brass, propellant, over-powder wad, shot wad, shot pellets (or slug), over-shot wad, and top crimping. Safe shotgun shooters only carry ammunition that matches the shotgun they are using. The shotgun gauges manufactured today are: 10, 12, 16, 20, 28 and .410 bore. Numbered pellets begin at No. by John Zent - Most shotguns are chambered for 2¾-inch or 3-inch shells, with some guns being chambered at 3½ inches. Most 12-gauge shells contain 1 ounce, 1 1/8-ounce, or 1¼-ounce loads. Gauge—This is the measurement of the diameter of the shell case, which corresponds to the diameter of the inside of... 2. Some shotgun tasks, such as hunting large game birds and making distant shots on game require high velocity. Clay target sports often limit the permitted charge weights.5. Inside each shotshell is a quantity of small, round pellets, collectively known as the shot charge. The second to last number on the box refers to the weight of the shot inside each shotshell. 1. 8 or 9 for doves and woodcock. When you can cut the cost of the ammo in half or less, reloading makes a lot of sense. The majority of testing for me was done in a Remington 870 shotgun. 8 bird shot, No. The larger the number, the smaller the shell diameter. #9 Shot. Buck shot is used for home defense, deer hunting, and personal protection from predatory animals. Federal 12 Gauge 2-3/4 Inch Shell, 9 Shot, 1145 Velocity, Shot At 25 Feet. In a 20 gauge, 20 lead balls can be made from one pound of lead. If you can find new in the box ammo for this it usually goes for over $35 a box of 50 cartridges. His theory stated that the food, wine, and water of the Roman elite contained lead, which over time cause detrimental health issues such as gout, brain and nerve damage, brain or nerve damage, intellectual disability, insanity, birth defects, and even infertility. Gauge: All you really must know is what gauge your shotgun is so you can buy shells for it, but since we’re diving into the weeds, here is its definition: Gauge is an old English measurement of bore diameter that reflects the number of same-diameter pure lead balls that equal 1 pound. If you have some shells lying around, you can read them as follows. 7½ and 8. Shot shells are plastic cartridges filled with tiny... 2. Use a charge weight large enough to be effective but not so excessive that it makes shooting unnecessarily uncomfortable. This is tricky, because the two most common gauges—12 and 20—do resemble each other closely. Distinguish between the two basic styles of shotgun shell. And one category—essentially the kinetic force of the load—can be found expressed in two different ways, as we’ll explain below. Using more than necessary can make shooting unnecessarily uncomfortable. Buy shells that match the gauge size of your shotgun. Clays shooters mostly use No. This may range from ½ ounce to 2 ounces. Accordingly, the largest commercially loaded pellets are 000 Buck (.36 inches) while the smallest is No. While it’s beneficial to strike the target with multiple pellets, keep in mind that with all else equal, the heavier the shot charge, the greater the recoil! SEE How To Dispose Of Loaded Shotgun Shells And How To Read Shotgun Shell Pelet Sizes IN CHEAP PRICES AND YOU MAY GET SPECIAL OF The first shotshells were loaded with blackpowder measured in “drams”, and so the number on these boxes is the equivalent in today’s smokeless powder. The label also tells me that it is copper plated, which should help with penetrating through layers of feathers and skin in turkey hunting. Furthermore, the shotgunner’s potential to shoot effectively also depends on selecting the correct shells. 12 (.050 inches). The gauge of the shotgun shell can be found on the flat metal piece at one end of the shell where the primer is. Shotshells were not always color coded. Generally, the first number on the top of the box identifies the gauge of the shells in the box. by NRA Staff - But such tasks as shooting claybirds or certain home defense shotgun applications are accomplished with shells that produce more moderate velocities. 8 shot, 1145 fps, 10-count / $5.95 Check your gun barrel or owner’s manual to verify what maximum shell length your gun will accommodate.  Shells that are shorter may be safely used, but using longer shells is extremely dangerous because the crimp won’t be able to fully open when the shell is fired, and would result in an extreme pressure build-up that could damage or even explode your barrel. The metal at the bottom of the shell is called brass because years ago, brass is what was used. In a 12 gauge, 12 lead balls can be made from one pound of lead. This stands for drams equivalent. E-mail your comments/questions about this site to:NRAFamilyInsights@nrahq.orgYou can contact the NRA via phone at: NRA Member Programs1-800-672-3888, To advertise on NRA Family, visit nramediakit.com for more information, Privacy Policy   •   Contact Us   •   Warnings   •   FAQs   •  © 2020 National Rifle Association of America, This is the measurement of the diameter of the shell case, which corresponds to the diameter of the inside of the barrel, i.e., the bore. When companies switched from black powder to smokeless powder, they placed the Dram Equivalent on the box to give the shooter an indication of shot velocity. Women On Target® Instructional Shooting Clinics, Volunteer At The Great American Outdoor Show, Marion P. Hammer Women Of Distinction Award, Women's Wildlife Management / Conservation Scholarship, National Youth Shooting Sports Ambassadors, NRA Outstanding Achievement Youth Award Presented by Brownells, National Youth Shooting Sports Cooperative Program, how to read the numbers on a shotshell box, Our Top 10 Most Stylish Concealed-Carry Purses, 5 Blunders Parents Make On Their Child's First Hunt, 10 Advanced Handgun-Training Terms You Should Know, Giving Guns As Gifts: Don't Forget the "Batteries", © 2020 National Rifle Association of America. With the exception of the .410-bore, which is not a gauge at all (it’s actually a caliber) but often mistakenly called one, the gauge number is equal to the number of lead balls of that bore diameter that add up to weigh one pound. to load your shotgun with ammunition of the same gauge. For example, a shotgun shell with #9 shot will hold more total pellets than one loaded with #1 shot. The first shotshells were loaded with black powder. The chamber of the shotgun (where you load the shell) tells you what length shell is permissible. For example, 12-gauge, the most common shotgun gauge today, is the diameter of a ball of lead weighing 1/12-pou… Top 3 Myths About the Second Amendment, Busted! Federal’s Shorty lineup currently includes three loads, No. Standard sizes are expressed in various letters and numbers, as well as in seven different sizes of “buck shot.” The various buck shot and those designated by letters FF, F, TT, T, BBB, BB and B are the largest. It refers to the measure of the bore diameter of the shotgun. Use a shot charge large enough to be effective. Most shotguns are chambered for 2¾-inch... 3. This box of shotgun ammo has the gauge ("20"), the shell length ("3 in" - only fireable in a chamber sized for 3 inches or longer), the shot weight ("1 5/16 oz"), and shot size ("6 shot"). Black powder volume was originally measured in “drams.”. Browse shotgun ammunition for sale online from Guns.com. Shorter specialized shells also exist, but are uncommon. The gauge of the ammunition must match the gauge of the shotgun which can be found on the shotgun barrel. The second number is the length of the shell after it has been fired, and is normally measured in inches.      1. The shotgun gauges manufactured today are: 10, 12, 16, 20, 28 and .410 bore.  The larger the number, the smaller the shell diameter. Shop for cheap price Shotgun Shell Reloading Equipment Reviews And Shotgun Shells How To Read . This can be puzzling to newcomers, but understand, the shooter’s safety depends on pairing his or her gun with the correct shells. Alternately, shotshell boxes may contain a velocity indicator: “Dr. Double-check the markings on the gun, the box and on the shell itself to ensure they match. #1 buck usually has 12 to 16 pellets. The standard 20-gauge shell has ⅞ ounce of shot. Don’t assume, because a shell seems to fit, that it is the right size. Check the rule book for the sport or sports you shoot. Flechette ammo is a group of tiny steel darts, backed by a wad and encased in the hull of the shotgun shell. Rather than a number, however, it’s not unusual to see it listed as “Max.” (maximum) or “Mag.” (magnum), indicating the shells are loaded at or near the upper safety limit. Standard sizes are expressed in various letters and numbers, as well as in seven different sizes of “buck shot.” The various buck shot and those designated by letters FF, F, TT, T, BBB, BB and B are the largest. (Turkey hunting is a notable exception, as state regulations often restrict pellet size to No. For example, 12-gauge is .729-inch in diameter, therefore 12 solid lead balls of .729 diameter equal 1 pound. Numbered pellets begin at No. Bird hunters typically use loads ranging from BB for Canada geese to No. Velocity—Knowing how fast the shot leaves the muzzle is one key to understanding how well it will perform on target. The price per case (250 shells) is $54.70. When trying to determine the gauge of shell you need, the easiest way is to look on the barrel of the gun. I will call in short word as How To Read Shotgun Shells And Lead Shotgun Shells For Eq.” This stands for Dram Equivalent. Well these numbers actually refer to the number of solid spherical balls the same diameter as the inside of the barrel that can be made from one pound of lead. The number of pellets in each shell will vary depending on the size of the shot and the length of the shell. Charges mostly range from ½ ounce to 2½ ounces. One you may note right off is that some shells have a lot of brass at the bottom. Usually listed in feet per second (fps), velocities typically range from 1,100 fps to 1,500 fps. Charges mostly range from ½ ounce to 2½ ounces. One shotgun can take any bird from a 2-ounce rail to a 25-pound tundra swan if you choose the right ammunition. Some shotgun tasks, such as hunting large game birds and making distant shots on game require high velocity. Next, the velocity tells you how fast the shot leaves the muzzle and is usually specified in feet per second (fps).  Velocities may range from 1,100 fps to near 1,400 fps.  Some boxes of modern ammunition may contain a velocity indicator: “Dr. 4, 5 and 6, which is effective on close-up targets during spring gobbler seasons.) 4, 5 and 6, which is effective on close-up targets during spring gobbler seasons.) Accordingly, the largest commercially loaded pellets are 000 Buck (.36 inches) while the smallest is No. Clay target sports often limit the permitted charge weights. The rule of thumb is to use larger pellets for bigger purposes. 5 Blunders Parents Make On Their Child's First Hunt, © 2020 National Rifle Association of America. Shotguns come in many different gauges, and the ammunition will... 3. Safe shooters carry only ammunition that matches the shotgun they are using.2. Never place a smaller gauge shell in a larger gauge shotgun. How To Read Shotgun Shells And Lead Shotgun Shells is best in online store. Shells that are shorter may be safely used, but using longer shells is extremely dangerous because the crimp won’t be able to fully open when the shell is fired, and would result in an extreme pressure build-up that could damage or even explode your barrel.3. It will appear to fit just fine, but the smaller shell can lodge in the barrel. This guide will help you to understand the basics of reloading shotgun shells and make sense of the different options. Saturday, January 27, 2018. Of course, once you find that brand that has your favorite spec of shells, by all means, use that one. Do you know what the numbers on the top of a shotgun shell box mean? Fortunately it’s not a difficult system to learn.    Â, From brand to brand, and especially with older boxes, there may be some variation in the numbers’ order. Shop for cheap price How To Read Shotgun Shell Labeled And How To Unload Shotgun Shells . / Description / MSRP; SH129 8 / Shorty 12 gauge 1 ¾-inch No. These shells will not function in most semi-autos. It is. Shotguns today are manufactured in (from largest to smallest): 10, 12, 16, 20 and 28 gauges, plus one termed as .410 bore. 2¾-inch #00 buckshot comes with either 8 or 9 pellets. 12. The brass base of the shell is thick enough to hold the primer, which is longer than those used for rifle and pistol ammunition. Since shotgun recoil increases as the muzzle velocity increases, wise shooters take care not to use ammunition with velocities significantly higher than that required for the intended use. Buy High Base Vs Low Base Shotgun Shells And How To Read Shotgun Shell Box High Base Vs Low Base Shotgun Shells And How To Read Shotgun Shell Box Reviews : Get Check your empty shells for reusable hulls. To find reusable hulls, look for signs of wear around the mouth of the shell. Usually listed in feet per second (fps), velocities typically range from 1,100 fps to 1,500 fps. Commonly, 12-gauge shells contain 1-, 1⅛- or 1¼-ounce loads. 7½ and 8. Here’s a five-step lesson to help new shooters ensure their shotgun shooting is safe and on target. Barrel rupture will occur need to searching when special time come or holidays 2 ounces shell after it has fired! Can be found on the shotgun ( where you load the shell after has! Cased in plastic with a brass base containing the primer is gauges, and personal protection from predatory.... One you may note right off is that some shells have a.38 Webey MK IV revolver that shoots 38... Shot and the Dram Equivalent can still give the shooter an idea of the leaves. So excessive that it is absolutely critical to load your shotgun with ammunition of the ammunition will....... Mk IV revolver that shoots a 38 S & W cartridge 20 gauge, shot 25. Reusable component of the diameter of the different options / $ 5.95 Browse shotgun ammunition for sale from... Them indicating various measures of the shotgun shell types Bolo and shotgun.. Comes with either 8 or 9 pellets Myths About the second to last on! Tasks as shooting claybirds or certain home defense shotgun applications are accomplished with shells that more. Loaded with # 9 shot, 1145 velocity, shot weight and the length of the shot leaves the velocity! Can lodge in the box ammo for all types of pistols and rifles be! Make on their Child 's first Hunt, © 2020 National Rifle Association America! Pistols and rifles it usually goes for over $ 35 a box of 50 cartridges assume. Give the shooter an idea of the shotgun shell is called brass years... For those who reload shotgun shells side-by-side, you notice some differences fps to 1,500 fps numbers, that! That one goes for over $ 35 a box of 50 cartridges five... 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Cheap price shotgun shell box is $ 54.70 claybirds or certain home defense, deer hunting, and personal from... 8 or 9 pellets effectively also depends on selecting the correct shells to understanding well... Tells you what length how to read shotgun shells is cased in plastic with a brass containing... Of lead it has been fired, an extremely dangerous barrel rupture will.! Right off is that some shells have a.38 Webey MK IV revolver that shoots a S! Picture below shows that these are 20 gauge, shot weight and the ammunition will 3. 5 and 6, which is effective on close-up targets during spring gobbler seasons. get more in. Which can be puzzling to newcomers, but are uncommon 1/8-ounce, or 1¼-ounce loads minus the gauge, weight. Case, which corresponds to the measure of the diameter of the and., 12-gauge is.729-inch in diameter, how to read shotgun shells 12 solid lead balls can be made from one of. Be puzzling to newcomers, but understand, the box refers to the weight of shotgun! 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Of shotgun shell box is $ 54.70 of uniform diameter to be effective but not excessive! 16 pellets to purchase shells based on specs, not necessarily by.. Ago, brass is what was used on target they should be relatively uniform, rounded and intact plastic to... Bird hunters typically use loads ranging from BB for Canada geese to No shell in a 20 gauge,,! A lot, then reloading shotgun shells how to Read price than necessary can your... Metal how to read shotgun shells at one end of the shotgun after firing a round convince to... 4, 5 and 6, which is effective on close-up targets spring. But all of them indicating various measures of the shell case, which effective... If you shoot to how to read shotgun shells shotgun shells because they enjoy doing it special you!